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HTML Document What are the objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity?

Release date 24/03/2006

The objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity are expressed in its article 1:

  • the conservation of biological diversity;
  • the sustainable use of its components; and
  • the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources, including by appropriate
    •  access to genetic resources,
    •  transfer of relevant technologies,
    •  funding.
The Convention is thus the first agreement to address all aspects of biological diversity: species, ecosystems and genetic resources. It is indeed the first time that genetic diversity is specifically covered in a binding global treaty.

The Convention also recognises - for the first time - that the conservation of biological diversity is "a common concern of humankind" and an integral part of the development process. In other words, the Convention recognises that all humanity has an interest ensuring the conservation of biological diversity, including poor nations, women and indigenous people, and that it needs to be addressed by concerted international action.

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